Agriculture employs the 3/4 of the world's poorest people. They ensure food security for all of us. In addition to agricultural production, farmers provide environmental services that are essential to our daily lives: land maintenance, landscape conservation, etc. The development of all civilizations depends on them, and they are at the crossroads of all societal issues: poverty, hunger, migration, environmental degradation, climate change...
Farmers are today one of the most important keys in the environmental solution to be implemented. Present all over the planet, structured and organized, working on a daily basis in ecosystems and true environmental professionals, they are an unrivalled force for developing coordinated and global action.
Agricultural innovation is also at the heart of the environmental issues and food security. Natural resource management, ecosystem resilience to climate change, production of quality foodstuffs, agro-ecological practices, farmer empowerment, interaction with consumption models... these are just some of the topics on which agricultural innovation provides concrete solutions, and which make it possible to build a climate-smart agriculture.
Our diversity and our daily work at the heart of ecosystems are a force beyond mesure on the planet, iversité et notre travail quotidien au cœur des
écosystèmes sont une force sans commune mesure sur la planète, profoundly changing our
production and consumption models. Already, some of us have begun to undertake the necessary reforms by implementing innovative solutions and practices.... Go the the call
IMPROVES FARMERS INCOME
Of the 570 million farms in the world, 9 out of 10 are family-run. That's 2 billion people who derive their income and food directly from agriculture.
These farms produce nearly 80% of the world's food every year and ensure food security in most urban centres.
Confronted with the decline in natural resources (water, arable land, biodiversity), climate change (droughts, floods, severe climatic episodes...), and selling prices that no longer cover their expenses, farmers are less and less able to produce enough to ensure a decent life for their families.
REHABILITATES DEGRADED SOILS AND FORESTS
12 million hectares of arable land and 13 million hectares of forests are lost every year
The consequences are environmental: loss of soil fertility, collapse of biodiversity, general weakening of the regulatory role of ecosystems, increased global warming, etc.
They are also human, with the deterioration of the living conditions of populations:
REDUCES WATER CONSUMPTION
Water is a resource inextricably linked to climate change, agriculture, food security, energy, health and gender equality.
It is a resource that is at the heart of sustainable development, whether it is the fight against poverty, economic development or the preservation of ecosystems.
At the current rate of water consumption, humanity will have to face a global water deficit of 40% by 2030. Among the causes:
FIGHTS AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
Agriculture, animal production and misuse of land are responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions.
But agriculture is also the first victim of climate change: lower crop yields, proliferation of pests, reduced forest growth...
These changes pose a serious risk to global food security and farmers will have to adapt to new production contexts.
A profound transformation of the agricultural system is needed to ensure increased adaptive capacity and to accelerate the ecological transition of countries towards climate-resilient and low-emission development. The aim is to ensure agricultural production that is adapted to climate change, meeting farmers' needs while ensuring food security for populations.